In attempt to make Turkey one of the world's top 10 economies, the construction and development process continues in the homeland of history and civilization. Hereafter, Istanbul International Airport ,we demonstrates in some depth top ten mega-projects among many future projects in Turkey.
Geotechnical and Seismic Studies
The geotechnical excavations started last year 2017 and ended in early 2018. Due to the importance and vitality of the project. In order for the project to take its practical dimension in term of technical studies to cover wide aspects to come up with integrated and ideal studies, the Ministry of Transport and Maritime Navigation has cooperated with a large number of Related institutions, most notably the Ministries of the Environment, Forestry and Water, Food, Agriculture and Livestock, and Energy and Natural Resources. As well as the Istanbul Municipality and the Turkish Prime Minister's Housing Department. During the channel's appointment, the Ministry of Transport also used a large number of Turkish and international experts during the preparation of the preliminary plans of the project and the effect of discharging the seismic studies of the project track, it was found that the channel will not be exposed to any negative effects of the possibility of the seismic sea tide “Tusunmi”. The windfall statistics for the past 25 years were taken into account during the preparation of the plan to take account of the worst possibilities in the coming years. The effects of storm disturbances and deep sea waves in the Black Sea and Marmara were also studied. In addition, the two banks of the canal were designed so as not to be affected by the waves caused by passage of the giant ships in the corridor. It is certain that the construction of the Istanbul Canal will be carried out by means of construction, special techniques and sophisticated, self-sufficient cadres and expertise, with the partial use of foreign expertise, to provide the element of perfection to the project.
The Bridge of the “Janaq Kale”A new bridge on the “Janaq Kale”, which separates the Aegean Sea and Marmara in western Turkey, is being worked out in the outline of large projects that will come into effect in the medium term to solve traffic problems and reduce the passage of heavy vehicles from the entry to Istanbul, and therefore will be built a new bridge on the Straits of the fortress to alleviate this problem. The project seeks to prevent the passage of heavy vehicles destined for Turkey and Europe in Istanbul, as well as enabling passengers traveling from the Aegean Sea and the Central Anatolia region to Turkey and Europe to reach their destination through the border gates of the Jeznakala, Tekirdag, Adrana and Kabikulah without entering Istanbul.
The bridge consists of three directions in addition to the railway line. It has a total length of 3623 m and it is of total cost of 2 billion US dollars. The bridge, which was planned to be built on Janaq Kale, seeks to enable the whole Marmara region to be a circular route with highways, which will greatly ease traffic in Istanbul. "
The third bridge being built on the Bosporus will not solve traffic problems completely, but it will somewhat limit it, and will have a significant impact with the entry of Eurasia tunnel service.
“Fikr Tibbeh” ProjectSince the beginning of 2002, Turkey has launched large-scale rehabilitation projects in cities, residential areas and commercial communities characterized by its randomness. Many of these projects have been implemented in various parts of Turkey. These projects have contributed to raising the standard of living and quality of citizens, as they are safe projects in term of facing natural disasters from earthquakes and others.
The development of Fikr Tebih is one of the most important real estate investment projects in Turkey, in essence transforming one of Istanbul's most important neighborhoods into an upscale neighborhood. Its purpose is to transform the popular Fikr Tebih region, located in one of the most important geographies in Istanbul, and adjacent to the famous Baghdad Street, into an elegant neighborhood that is comparable to the largest urban neighborhoods not only in Istanbul but also in Turkey. It is a new step that will add a different concept to the urban style of urban rehabilitation projects.
The total project covers an area of 350,000 km2 and aims to build 35,000 apartments, 2,500 shops and a large number of shops to become one of the most important attractions in Istanbul.
The area is characterized by direct views of the sea, and close to the metro station "Qazi Koi, Kartal" and Metro "Marmara" link between the European and Asian sections, as well as close to many of the universities known, as well as other points of the project of the Fikr Tebih that is adjacent to the highway E5 Which provides various advantages in terms of facilitating transportation and transport services to the region.
Fikr Tebih's vision for the project is that it will be one of the projects with high quality construction, aesthetically pleasing, and resists natural disasters.
Major projects include: Alia Life, Brooklyn City, Brooklyn Life, Brooklyn Dream, Istanbul Inns, Brooklyn Park, Concord Dream, Evin Park, Goose Tepe and many more. The foundation stone for this project was laid in 2017 and is expected to be completed in 2020.
“GAP” RoadThe “GAP” project, the Southeast Anatolia Project (known as GAP abbreviated by the Turkish designation), is a multi-sectoral, integrated regional development project based on the concept of sustainable development. Its primary objective is to eliminate regional development disparities by raising individual incomes and living standards; contributing to national development goals such as social stability and economic growth through enhanced productive capacity and employment generation in the rural sector. The project covers 75,000 km2 and covers 9 provinces in the Euphrates, Tigris and Mesopotamian Plains (Adiyaman, Batman, Diyarbakir, Gaziantep, Kielce, Mardin, Sirt, Sanliurfa and Sirnak). The GAP represents about 10% of Turkey's total population and geographical areas. About 20% of the total irrigated land in the country is located in this region and the region accounts for 28% of Turkey's total hydraulic potential.
The original initiative consisted of irrigation and hydropower projects on the Euphrates and Tigris rivers. During the 1980s, the project was transformed into a multi-sectoral regional development program of a social and economic nature. This program covers sectors such as irrigation, hydropower production, agriculture, urban and rural infrastructure, forestry, education and health. Its Water Resources Program envisages the construction of 22 dams, 19 power plants and irrigation schemes in an area of 1.7 million hectares. The total cost of the project is $ 32 billion. As of 2015, the total capacity of the power plants reached 7490 megawatts, while the final output target for the GAP plants was 27 billion kWh, which is equivalent to about $ 1.3 billion.
The project is based on the concept of sustainable development, which aims to create an environment, in which, future generations can fully develop themselves, gain the benefits of equitable development, and participate in environmental protection, employment generation, spatial planning and infrastructure development that form the basic strategies for good agricultural practices.
The central part of the project is 844 million cubic meters of rock and the Ataturk-filled landfill, the third largest project of its kind in the world. 19 hydropower plants operating at the end of 2015 and 22 other dams. Other dams and power plants are now in various stages of construction or planning in the southeast region. This huge investment is followed by state private sector investment to link this forgotten part of the country to the national economy in the past. In 1997, irrigation began in the fields of Harran, and farmers are now harvesting their crops, especially high quality Turkish cotton, which is the second best cotton in the world after Egyptian cotton. After completion of these projects, 1.8 million hectares of land will be irrigated effectively.
The basic development scenario envisioned by the master plan is to transform the region into an "agricultural-based export center", which will certainly change the living standard of the region in a positive direction. It has also improved living standards for people in the region. So far there are highways and double-track roads; there are six main airports in Sanliurfa, Diyarbakir, Mardin, Batman, Gaziantep and Sirnak.